Tretyakov State Gallery is an art museum located in Moscow. The gallery was founded in 1856 by the merchant Pavel Tretyakov, who had one of the most important collections of Russian art in the world.
Tretyakov State Gallery Foundation:
Pavel Tretyakov began collecting art from the mid-1850s; in 1856, he bought two paintings by Russian artists under the title Temptation and Clash with Finnish smugglers. In the Zamoskvorechye district, in 1867, the Moscow Gallery of Sergey and Pavel Tretyakov was opened to the public, a collection consisting of 1276 paintings, 471 drawings, 10 sculptures by Russian artists and 84 paintings by foreign artists.
Then, in August 1892, the merchant handed over his art gallery as a gift to the city of Moscow. At that time in the collection there were 518 graphics and 1287 paintings of the Russian school, 75 paintings, 8 drawings of the European school, sculptures and a collection of icons.
The official opening of the Moscow Gallery museum of Sergei and Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov took place on August 15, 1893.
The gallery was located in a mansion bought by the Tretyakov family in 1851. In the process of increasing the collection, new facilities were gradually added to the residential part of the house, which were necessary for the storage and display of works of art.
The Gallery in Soviet times:
On June 3, 1918, the new government declared the Gallery “state-owned” and called it the “Tretyakov State Gallery”. In 1928, heating and ventilation were renovated on the gallery premises, and electricity was carried out the following year.
At the beginning of World War II, the dismantling of the exhibitions began on the walks of the gallery, while preparing for the evacuation. In mid-summer 1941, a 17-car train transported valuable artwork from Moscow to Novosibirsk. On 17 May 1945, the gallery’s work in Moscow resumed.
In 1956, on the occasion of the centenary of the famous gallery, the museum was expanded with a new hall and in 1985, the Tretyakov Gallery was combined in a museum complex with the State Art Gallery, resulting in a common name: the Tretyakov State Gallery.
The Tretyakov State Gallery today:
Currently, the building houses a constantly updated exhibition called “Art of the twentieth century”.
Gallery collections are constantly growing due to systematic government purchases. Today, its include graphics, Russian painting, sculpture and works of art since the early 11th century.
General information for the visitor:
You can visit the Gallery every day except Mondays.
The schedule is:
Tuesday – 10:00–18:00
Wednesday – 10:00–18:00
Thursday – 10:00–21:00
Friday – 10:00–18:00
Saturday – 10:00–21:00
Sunday – 10:00–18:00
Address: Lavrushinsky Ln, 10.
The price of tickets is 500 Rubles unless some changes are made.
Guided visit at Tretyakov State Gallery:
For guidance you can use the audio guide with the price of 500 Rubles per device or you can also hire a local guide for a more personalized visit.
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