The first Russian revolution is not the result of whims or ambitions, but is the result of the suffering accumulated over centuries by most people living under a yoke of a royalty and aristocracy who lost the sense of what it is to consider that we are all human beings.
At the beginning of the 20th century, a revolutionary situation was brewing in Russia. The authorities could no longer control the rebellious people as before, and the masses did not want to remain in their anguish and silence. However, the government did its best to maintain the existing order. The army, the police, the Cossacks, the nobility, the church remained faithful to the autocracy, but also a division emerged in this environment. The right advocated an unlimited monarchy, the suppression of all revolutionary actions. Representatives of the new liberal views saw the need for changes in existing policies.
On the eve of 1905, the Liberals significantly intensified their movements. Two illegal organizations and the first Zemskycongresswere created, held in St. Petersburg. The congress adopted a programme that reflected the views of the “Liberation Union” and the “Zemstvo Union Zemstvo- Constitutionalists”.
Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War further intensified the bad situation in the country, and discontent came to a rise with royalty’s bad decisions to pale its defeats.
First Russian revolution took place in three stages. The beginning of the first is considered Bloody Sunday – January 9, 1905. The shooting of workers in St. Petersburg sparked a wave of strikes that spread across the country. Hundreds of thousands of workers went on strike. Clashes with police took place everywhere. The workers on strike created their governing bodies: The Soviets of labor-working deputies.
In the spring, the peasants entered the fight. The Russian peasant, who distinguished theme self with the great patience, no longer wanted to endure. With gallows and scythes, peasant detachments destroyed the properties of landowners.
In the summer, the army joined the revolutionary struggle. The uprising of the battleship “Potemkin” went down in history as the first experience of military disobedience.
As a result of past riots, the tsar issued a decree establishing the creation of the state Duma.
However, the project developed further infuriated people. The qualification of property did not allow representatives of the lower strata to enter the Duma.
In the autumn, the second stage of the revolutionary struggle began. A wave of protests spread across the country and became fiercer. A strike spread across the country, affecting 120 cities. One and a half million workers took part in the riots. They were supported by officials and employees, and representatives of noble intellectuality.
Surprised by the scale of the unrest, the authorities decide to publish the famous “Manifesto of October 17”. Emperor Nicholas II made concessions.
Three political directions were formed during the first Russian Revolution in Russia:
After the Government issued the Decree on amending the provisions on state Duma elections and preparations for elections, the intensity of the revolutionary struggle began to wane. The third stage of the revolution begins, which after the last election moves to the Duma. On 3 July 1907, during the meeting, the entire faction of the Social Democrats was arrested and the Duma was dissolved. This event was the end of the first Russian Revolution.
In fact, it is very difficult to answer this question, but at least they could smooth the course of events. Russian royalty and nobility showed a fierce resistance to enhancing change for humble people, and this situation cause an increase in general discontent and plunge the people into more misery.
The trick of the thinking of the leaders of the revolution was that the ruling class can never be trusted anymore, given that the emperor dissolved the duma and carried it on all the notorious members of the Bolshevik party in an attempt to show brutal strength, but this carries the opposite effect.
If you are going to visit Russia, keep in mind that it is a country with a history as wide as its territory (It is the largest country in the world), so we recommend you to make your visit on private or group tours with professional guides.
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